Friday, 31 August 2018

From 0 to 10 Million: Vaping Takes Off


From 0 to 10 Million: Vaping flies within the U.S.

Some experts have suggested that e-cigarettes can help wean people off regular cigarettes; others believe that they reinforce the smoking habit and increase the user’s exposure to nicotine.

But there’s no dispute that e-cigarettes have grown popular since their introduction in 2004. Now a nationwide survey has found that 10.8 million adults within us are vaping.

The analysis, published within the Annals of general medicine found that 54.6 percent of the e cigarette users were also smoking cigarettes.

About 15 percent of vapers had never smoked cigarettes and 30.4 percent had quit smoking them.

The study is predicated on data from the Behavioral Risk Factor closed-circuit television, A national survey conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

In 2016, the researchers surveyed 486,000 people 18 and older by telephone in every state and the District of Columbia, also as Guam, Puerto Rico, and therefore the Virgin Islands.

More than half of e-cigarette users were younger than 35, and therefore the prevalence decreased with increasing age.

it had been highest among people ages 18 to 24, both occasional and daily users.

Overall, almost 6 percent of men and three .7 percent of girls were vaping. But there have been sharp differences among particular demographic groups.

The prevalence was 9 percent among bisexuals, for instance, and seven percent among lesbians and gay men, compared with 4.6 percent among heterosexuals.

Almost 9 percent of transgender people were vapers.

People with disorder, cancer, asthma, and depression were also more likely than others to be using e-cigarettes, and therefore the rate was 10.2 percent among people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Almost 2 percent of pregnant women were vaping.

E-cigarettes were most ordinarily utilized in Oklahoma and within the Southeast, and least often utilized in North Dakota and California.

“The use of e-cigarettes within the U.S. may be a complicated picture” said the study’s senior author, Dr. Michael J. Blaha, a professor of drugs and epidemiology at Johns Hopkins.

“People who try e-cigs are in danger of a spread of health conditions. But you've got former smokers, daily smokers, occasional smokers — it’s getting to be difficult to map out the health effects.”

Dr. Blaha added, “Almost everyone would agree that the utilization of e-cigarettes among people who haven't smoked — we’re up to almost 2 million people — are some things we have to observe very carefully.”

He and his colleagues acknowledge that the study depends on self-reports and demonstrates only associations, not cause and effect. Moreover, the researchers had no data on the sort of e-cigarette device used, the flavors added or the dimensions of the nicotine dose.

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